Physiological Mechanisms as the Basis of Criteria: Intuition vs. Sensation, Tactics vs. Strategy, Rationality vs. Irrationality
The research demonstrates possibility of reliable determining of all the 15 Reinin's criteria using answers of respondents to psychological questionnaires. Psychological contents of Reinin's criteria and the socionic types have been revealed in projection on statements and generic clusters of these questionnaires. An algorithm of determining types by questionnaire with building an individual type profile and emphasizing the primary type with equal usage of all the 15 Reinin's criteria has been developed by the author. The research demonstrates possibility of testing types using only 11 "weak" Reinin's criteria. Correlation of socionic criteria by a formula of their multiplication has been proved by the experiment in course of which two criteria engender the third one. At the same time, high residual degree of independency of each criterion from the other 14 criteria (about 60% of free dispersion) has also been demonstrated. Character of correlations between the criteria has been studied, modeling functions are proposed. Physiological "backbone elements" of Reinin's criteria have been found. For example, strengthened biological instincts and inclinations is the backbone of the Strategic pole while strive for research and orienteering activity corresponds to the Tactic pole. The balance of rationality and irrationality corresponds to balance between neocortex and hippocampus. A hypothesis is proposed that irrationals correspond to I.P.Pavlov's "weak" types. For Intuition and Sensation a neuro-mediatory balance model has been substantiated, where 5-OT activity is predominant for sensing types and AX-activity for intuitive types. The pole of "decisive" types is characterized with egocentrism and aggression etc. It has been proved that the regard of non-linear interaction allows revealing the only possible vectors of factor axes in the psychological space, which should adequately reflect real integral physiological mechanisms of brain.
Key words: socionics, Reinin's criteria, intuition, personality factors, testing psychological types, psychological diagnostics, psychology of individual difference, brain physiology, neural science, psychophysiology, neural system characteristics.
Phase-Spatial and Spatial Approaches and Methods in the Study of Causes of Population Phenomena (on the Example of Mass Endogenous Psychoses)
New phase-spatial methodology of research of causes of endogenous psychoses is presented, the difference between the new approach and spatial approach, which is traditionally used in epidemiology, is analyzed. On the basis of practical application of phase-spatial method the hypothesis about influence of solar activity in the antenatal period of ontogenesis on the risk of morbidity of schizophrenia is formulated.
Key words: psychiatry, endogenous psychoses, schizophrenia, epidemiology, population.
Psychological Analysis of Problem of Mental-Cultural Interaction
The problem of phenomenal interaction between mentality and culture is examined. The theoretical psychological chart of the structural-meaningful filling of mentality is offered. The mechanism of mental-cultural transformation is determined.
Key words: mentality, culture, mental-cultural interaction, group consciousness, formation of senses.
Management of Scientific and Technical Collectives from the Viewpoint of Socionics
Socionics implementation for scientific research collectives is shown on the example of management style by different types of informational metabolism. Working styles in 4 naturally formed stable small groups (quadras) are discussed together with character of their tasks and styles of activity.
Key words: socionics, collective management, types of informational metabolism, quadras.
Individual and Mass Consciousness
It is stressed in the article that peculiarities of the consciousness, not only individual, but also that of masses, are differentiated by the perception of the surrounding world. Therefore, methodological use of socionics proves to have success in larger social group studies also. Nonetheless, socionic regularities proper for the individual level and inter-presonal relations can not be mechanically transposed over the social scale where groups and masses are the principal acting agents. Taking into account this social scale, one has to say about the mass-differentiated thinking and select types of group informational metabolism each with its proper particularities in perception of the surrounding world and hierarchy of values. In this case, a political party - a consciously organized and socially active representative of this or that kind of mass consciousness that manifests a certain position with regard to values - appears to be a perfect object of scientific investigation.
Key words: socionics, informational metabolism, mass consiousness, ideology, political party.
Problems of Identification of Socionic Type
On Position of an Expert
In this paper many years of socionic expert experience have been accumulated. The basic principles of expert job, and concrete recommendations for physical, vital and mental functioning levels' improvement are given. Details of interaction between expert and patient at given levels are presented.
Key words: socionics, expertise, testing, personal development.
Socionics in Nursery
Application of Socionics in Child Psychotherapy
Description is given of the psychotherapeutic practice, together with method of using children playroom, and socionic testing and consulting practice. Socionic tests for children are suggested.
Key words: socionics, psychotherapy, playroom, socionic consulting for parents, socionic testing for children.